#6 – Social

 

I asked 7 questions to 27 people include KIT teachers. The questions are two basics from CDIO, three AVs questions, and two ethical questions.

 

First, I asked two basic CDIO questions. Half of the people drive a car and half do not. Some are students so they do not have cars. Many people drive a car for transportation. We live in Kanazawa, so public transportation is not useful. Some teachers drive a car to commute. Interestingly, men tend to drive more than women. The next basic question is whether you are interested in having the AVs. Half of the people said yes and half said no. Some expect to manage time for long distance driving. However, one male student is not interested in them because he loves driving. Women tend to be interested in having AVs more than men I guess women are busy for putting on makeup, texting, and SNS, which is why they want AVs.

 

In question 3, I asked them that what do they expect AVs the most. This graph shows that many people want to reduce the car accident. These days, even though the low labor cost of taxis has received attention in Japan, few people expected it. I guess car accident are more accidents directly connected with our life more than labor costs.

 

 

The next question is where should  AVs operate the test driving. Many people think it is the best area to operate AVs only in the experiment facility first. It is not reality but technology should go ahead step by step. One male teacher suggested test driving on the highway because there are no pedestrians and no need for complicated driving skill. Actually, Honda will try AVs only in the highway by 2020.

 

 

Who are responsible for the accident when the AVs has an accident is the question 5. I did not give people the details at all because accidents are always unexpected and depending on the situation. Many people thought the driver or the maker. Only one people said engineer should take responsible.

 

The final question’s topic is ethics. While you are in the AVs, 10 people appear in front of the car. Will you swerve off to the side of the road, killing you but leaving the 10 pedestrians unharmed? Or will you kill 10 pedestrians and leave yourself unharmed? 71 % of the people chose the swerve way. Some people suggested it is necessary to improve the safety measures to protect driver. The next, if there were not only you but your child in the AV? There are the 10 extra pedestrians in front of the AV. 43% of people chose to swerve and the other 57% chose to stay on course.

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#5 – Law

In Japan, there are three kinds of responsibilities when the car accident happens.

Police law is relationship with the punishment. Because of the civil law, compensation for damages can be received. Administration law shows that suspension of driving licence.

 

Next, I will tell you that the perfect example of the compensation for damages. After the accident happened, it will be held that settlement negotiations between victim and perpetrator / insurance agency negotiations. After that, the accident will be solute by the negotiation. And then, reconciliation.

 

Potentially changes between AVs and political responsibility. In terms of the police responsibility, driver’s mistake responsibility might be less. In terms of the civil responsibility, tt might be the system’s responsibility.

 

It can appear the liability without fault liability. There is a previous example that the compensation system in New Zealand in 1972. No matter with or without a responsible, victim can receive compensation.

 

I agree this idea because no one include AVs wants to make an accident. No one want to have a responsible. People who are the most cared about is victim. If the victims can receive compensation no matter with or without a responsible for the driver or AVs, they feel better.

 

In my opinion, it is important for AVs and new technology to cooperate in the other basic traffic systems. In terms of the perfect AVs, it needs a balance with whole traffic systems. It is not necessarily the existing infrastructure.

#4 – Personality and Teamwork

 

My personal report accurately reflects my personality, basically, I guess. I have done this survey excitedly. So it might be affected the survey.

 

My extraversion and activity level are the highest amazingly. I enjoy being busy and tend to manage multiple activities. But I can agree with this paper that I don’t like to maintain my enthusiasm after I use to something. Sometimes when I feel impatient, I am overbearing and interjecting my thought.

 

Interestingly, all of the emotionality items are low. The frustration was the lowest level. It shows exactly myself. I am not stressed about my tasks.

 

In terms of conscientious items, my cautiousness level is lowest and Self-Discipline was highest. I know I have less cautiousness. Sometimes my friends say to me that I am an impatient person. When I find the best way, I want to try it as soon as possible. The paper advised me to consider the benefits of questioning and its risks before moving forward.

 

My Agreeableness is basically low or moderate level. I tend to take time for myself and I don’t care about others. However,

 

The result that all of the items showed was that I should take a step back and let others contribute. And also, I need to be aware that it may not be easy for others and consider others’ situations more.

 

The final questions are about Openness. I’m in very moderate level but imagination and sentimentality levels are lower than others. I need to create many ideas of buildings because I belong to Architecture major. I am not good at imagination the inside of the buildings. That is why I usually make miniature models farst. The paper said, I need to take mental breaks that include non-structured thinking to help general new ideas and solve challenging problems. And I do not understand others who are more emotional than me. I need to care about it deliberately.

#3 – Ethical

Who are responsible for the accident? Clarify who is responsible for the accident?

Driver: Alice                -was overconfident of AVs ability

-didn’t predict, lack of caution

-set all aggressive at level.

Seller: Bob                                      – incomplete explanation.

-lack of consideration for buyer’s curiosity

*perhaps… cover up an AVs flaw for financial gain

Pedestrian: Carlos      – was jaywalking

Engineer Team            -publicly imperfect AVs

-incomplete explanation of the technical infomation

Government                -haven’t made a regulation for AV yet

Citizen                          –

 

Different ideas…counter argument

-no one is responsible for the accident because…

Alice was just sitting, and it is normal psychology for the beginner to set aggressive

Bob just sold a car,

Carlos was jaywalking but everyone does,

Engineers did a job that ordinary people,

There is no time for the government to make a new rule…

If the Engineering team is responsible for the accident…

-it does not aid for them if engineers are responsible for the accident in terms of victim’s emotion.

…if they sue for damages.

-the number of people who want to be an engineer might be decrease.

 

The government’s response to the accident

-they will deal with the problem when the citizen who are interested in AVs.

-citizen need to reflect their opinions in the government.

⇒when I was young, my friend’s mother went to the city hall to demand to make new cross road in front of her house. Her house is near from school and many students across the road in front of her house everyday. Everyone know that the traffic is crazy in front of her house and everyone across the road there. However, the people of city hall said, “After you prove how many people have troubles because of no cross road, we can make new one.” If citizen want to change something, if citizen want government to support, we need to think more and cooperate each other.

That is why, I suggest the idea of AVs association organization club. If there are class or lesson to learn or conversation, people will think more.

#2 – Technological 

        1.  Search the internet and other sources and list the different types of technology that may be found in autonomous vehicles (include at least one more option than those listed above). Describe each technology in 1-2 sentences, and include at least one web link.

⇒Ultrasonic sensor

An Ultrasonic sensor is a device that can measure the distance to an object by using sound waves. It measures distance by sending a sound wave and its bouncing back.

⇒Adopted headlight

An Adaptive headlight can be move the lighting way depends on the curve automatically.

 

New electronics

http://www.newelectronics.co.uk/electronics-technology/an-introduction-to-ultrasonic-sensors-for-vehicle-parking/24966/ 2017.05.10 access

http://education.rec.ri.cmu.edu/content/electronics/boe/ultrasonic_sensor/1.html 2017.05.10

 

  1.  Select one type of technology and look at it in greater detail. How is it currently being used? What are its benefits and drawbacks? What is its future potential? Don’t forget to include references to any sources you may have used.

⇒Ultrasonic wave sensor.

In these days, it is being used for automatic door, Automatic water supply, and automatic lighting. It can be very small and miniaturization. That is why it is easy to use in the small devices. It does not hurt our body if we use in appropriately. This technology has the potential to use in an emergency like when the building is completely destroyed by the earthquake or tsunami. When the disaster victims can not be found in the destroyed buildings, the Self-Defense Forces of Japan(SDF) can not use the machine. If they can use Ultrasonic wave sensor, it would be easier to find victims who are can not be seen by people.

https://www.honda-el.co.jp/hb/3_33.html  2017.05.10

Assignment 1

 

1.
     SAE International has a formal classification system for autonomous vehicles, ranging from level 0 (not automated) to level 5 (fully automated). Briefly describe each of the levels.

 

*SAE means Society of Automotive Engineers.

Level 0 is a manual car.

Level 1 is an automatic car.

Level 2 car operates any of acceleration, deceleration, and steering.

Level 3 car operates two of these and only in an emergency, human driver needs to drive.

Level 4 car operates all of these and even when human driver drives inappropriately, this system will operate by itself.

Level 5 car is completely automatization.

 

  1.      Use the internet to find at least two examples of autonomous vehicles that already exist. Which companies/universities/groups are they from? What autonomous behaviour do they exhibit (i.e., can parallel park itself, can drive itself)? How have they been tested?

 

  1. Intelligent Vehicle Towing (IVT) from Nissan.

It is equipped with a camera and laser scanner. It travels to the destination with the limited speed by combining ___ information about the white line, road shoulder, the obstacles, and the map data. IVT can grasp the location of the car self.__If the IVT approaches the front car or people, it stops automatically. When it judges that there is enough distance, it restarts by itself.

The IVT location, speed, and some other information would be monitored by the control center. In the emergency, the control center decides the order of priority by the remote control system.

 

  1. All New 5 Series from BMW

It leaves at regular intervals automatically and if the front car slows down, it also slows down. It drives in the middle of the lane. It is equipped with the stereo cameras, radar, and the ultrasonic sensor. The way of the test drive is driving on the highway automatically.

 

  1.        Consider the SAE classifications from the question 1. At which level would each of the vehicles discussed in question 2 be? Provide rationale for your decisions.

 

  1. Intelligent Vehicle Towing (IVT) from Nissan is going to be classified the level 4 because it is not perfectly automatic.
  2. All New 5 Series from BMW is classified the level 3 because it is not enough and it still just only assists.

 

  1.        Please state at least 3 possible applications for autonomous vehicles, and why they would be beneficial for those applications.
    -Scanning camera. It supports people who are not good at the lane change. It can scan the white line on the road.

-GPS system. If the car can recognize the location of itself, it helps people to bring to the destination appropriately.

-Ultrasonic sensor. It helps easy parking. It will recognize any obstacles even a human driver can not see.

assignment 1

  1.  SAE International has a formal classification system for autonomous vehicles, ranging from level 0 (not automated) to level 5 (fully automated). Briefly describe each of the levels.

 

*SAE means Society of Automotive Engineers.

Level 0 is a manual car.

Level 1 is an automatic car.

Level 2 car operates any of acceleration, deceleration, and steering.

Level 3 car operates two of these and only in an emergency, human driver needs to drive.

Level 4 car operates all of these and even when human driver drives inappropriately, this system will operate by itself.

Level 5 car is completely automatization.

 

  1.      Use the internet to find at least two examples of autonomous vehicles that already exist. Which companies/universities/groups are they from? What autonomous behaviour do they exhibit (i.e., can parallel park itself, can drive itself)? How have they been tested?

 

  1. 1. Intelligent Vehicle Towing (IVT) from Nissan.

It is equipped with a camera and laser scanner. It travels to the destination with the limited speed by combinated the information about the white line, road shoulder, the obstacles, and the map data. IVT can grasp the location of the car self.If the IVT approaches the front car or people, it stops automatically. When it judges that there are enough distance, it restarts by itself.

The IVT location, speed, and some other information would be monitored by the control center. In the emergency, the control center decides the order of priority by the remote control system.

 

  1. All New 5 Series from BMW

It leaves at regular intervals automatically and if the front car slows down, it also slows down. It drives in the middle on the lane. It is equipped with the stereo cameras, radar, and the ultrasonic sensor. The way of the test drive is driving on the highway automatically.

 

  1.        Consider the SAE classifications from the question 1. At which level would each of the vehicles discussed in question 2 be? Provide rationale for your decisions.

 

  1. Intelligent Vehicle Towing (IVT) from Nissan is going to be classified the level 4 because it is not perfectly automatic.
  2. All New 5 Series from BMW is classified the level 3 because it is not enough and it still just only assists.

 

  1.        Please state at least 3 possible applications for autonomous vehicles, and why they would be beneficial for those applications.
    -Scanning camera. It supports people who are not good at the lane change. It can scan the white line on the road.

-GPS system. If the car can recognize the location of itself, it helps people to bring to the destination appropriately.

-Ultrasonic sensor. It helps easy parking. It will recognize any obstacles even human driver can not see.